Sociedad Ibero-Americana de la Historia
de la Fotografia Museo Fotográfico y Archivo Historico "Adolfo Alexander"
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Two Great Soviet “Leica” Stories
Text material from Oleg Tumazov
ВООМП – (The All Soviet Union Optical-Mechanical Association) was created in 1930. It was made from a conglomerate of all optical and mechanical enterprises of the era. The famous (ГОИ) was also a partner of the group. There were the main brains who developed all the Russian optics.
The working tasks of the Experimental factory “ГОИ” in its departments were shown by the magazine “ОМП” who opened the GOI archives. All the information was given by impartial observers, builders and the people who directly was part of the creation staff of the Soviet “Leica”. The original text is the most faithful, and the author try to make the reader feel the best approach to the thought of the people engaged in the Soviet “Leica” construction, entering in the atmosphere in which was born and was developed this small camera.
From historical data of Soviet photo industry: ВООМП really was the experimental factory ГОИ. Soon after the end of first prototype series of “Pioner” model 2, the factory department became “ГОМз”, the forerunner of present “LOmo”.
At this point plans were transferred to VOOMP of Moscow at the "Geodesia" plant.
After adapting the model to the factory conditions and
correcting possible weak points, it was produced at April 1934 the first batch of cameras…”
, in June there were produced the first half hundred of units, being given to a
group of photo reporters”
- said the magazine.
Text material from Oleg Tumazov
Translation from Luiz Paracampo
« ГОИ», ГОИ,
On two top and the lowermost pictures - the prototypes of the chamber strongly differed serial model (1953).
Just after the end of WW II , The Leningrad State Optical
Institute prepared a production of
an original still camera aimed to be “ The utmost of perfection; more modern than all the known foreign models”.
The first known notices about this camera being in the LOMO files, dates from 1947. At this time, the camera prototype was finished and they begun the trial production work. “Now the aim was a small series production of such camera, named "ГОИ".
Based upon the drawings and samples from the previous
period, and including the changes made in 1947 expressed on the
technicians’ desires at the “ Photo cameras Conference”
organized by the Precision Industries Ministry in the first fourth of
During 1948, it was planed put into production the camera “ГОИ” in one of the factories under administration of the Weapons Ministry.
At the beginning of April, 1948 the ГОИ department, had produced 10 copies of the already tested “ГОИ” cameras, and all cameras produced were now under study and tests at the Institute laboratory.
Probes were done under a special program made at the beginning of the 1948 second half year. According data, the production of the camera had a heavy workmanship and the reliability of final production was tightly tied to the production precision of the parts;
The results obtained from probes did not rule the
camera construction reviewing from the beginning. (only a single point was
revised being substituted by a new stronger one). The rotary shutter operated
magnificently. Unfortunately, and by unknown reasons the camera never went into
mass production. The “ГОИ” camera went into “
This same shutter concept was later used in Kiev
Reflex prototype and
Опытный образец фотоаппарата «Ленинград» завода «ГОМЗ».