Sociedad Ibero-Americana de la Historia
de la Fotografia Museo Fotográfico y Archivo Historico "Adolfo Alexander"
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Panoramic Water Lens, 1859
Patent Panoramic Water Lens, 1859 Made by Thomas Ross, London. Serial number: 52! Aperture and 120° coverage. Clean glass
surfaces. Sutton's water-filled lens has been patented in England28th Sept.
1859 (patent no.
2193). Two lenses with extremely concentric curvatures enclose a hollow
space which had been filled with crystal clear water. "Sutton's idea
was not only carefully manufactured but even perfected by practical
enhancements by the optician Thomas Ross, London." Quoted from Eder, "Die PhotographischenObjektive", Halle 1911, p. 98. - The rarest lens in the
history of optics.
The Sutton Panoramic Lens(Rudolf Kingslake - A History of the Photographic lens)
Monocentric Design - Water filled interlens
Hypergon and Hologon
The Sutton Panoramic Lens gave descendants :
These are the most
1)Goerz Hypergon of
1903 with rotating bladesto compenstevignetting
2)Hologon first series of 1972 mounted in special Contarex body
3)Hologon second seriesof 1996 mounted on Leica